According to INA (Immigration & Nationality Act)
§ 240A(a), reproduced below, certain lawful permanent residents in removal proceedings may apply for cancellation of removal if they can satisfy the requirements set forth below and establish that the positive factors outweight the negative factors in their case.
In other words, an applicant for cancellation of removal under this section must convince the immigration judge that the reasons why she should stay in the United States are more compelling than the reasons she should be deported.
In many cases, the individual seeking relief may only have one negative factor against them. In such cases, which are considered strong cases, relief is more often than not granted.
240A(a) Cancellation of removal for certain permanent residents.—The Attorney General may cancel removal in the case of an alien who is inadmissible or deportable from the United States if the alien—
240A(a)(1) has been an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence for not less than 5 years,
240A(a)(2) has resided in the United States continuously for 7 years after having been admitted in any status, and
240A(a)(3) has not been convicted of any aggravated felony.